What Is Pigmentation?

We already know the warmer months are popular for how they bring along an increase in pigmentation. But, beyond this, facial discoloration is another one of those pesky skin problems that can happen at any time in the year.

Over 80% of women over the age of 25 suffer from pigmentation that is also known as hyperpigmentation. Pigmented lesions are hypermelanocytic areas typically induced by Hormonal fluctuations, sun exposure, inflammation, aging, and certain medications or congenital factors that can result in an overproduction of melanin (pigment) from melanocytes (pigment-producing cells). Pigmented lesions vary widely in size, shape, and depth. They can be either raised or flat and are usually a cosmetic rather than a medical concern.

The good news for us is that help is at hand. Thankfully, cosmetic technology has evolved into a refined tool for fighting adamant dark spots and giving your skin back the glow it always had. Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) which targets the melanin is effective in treating benign lesions and clearing them.

More so, to help you figure out the best treatment for your face pigmentation, we designed services that will suit every skin condition you might be suffering from.

What Are Types of Pigmentation?

As the situation suggests, not all dark spots are exactly the same. Instead, before you can treat your pigmentation, you have to understand which kind of discoloration you have. Here is how Dr. Gunatheesan broke down the numerous types of pigmentation:

  • Melasma
    Lifecycle and hormonal changes can affect the distribution of color (melanin) in our skin, leading to the appearance of sun spots, age spots, or melisma- a dark, patchy facial discoloration condition.
  • Sun Spots and Age Freckles
    Sun spots (solar lentigines) and age freckles (macular seborrhoeic keratoses) are types of pigmentation that are caused by chronic sun exposure and aging. They commonly occur on the back of hands and face.
  • Drug-Induced Pigmentation
    Certain medications such as antimalarials and some antibiotics can cause pigmentation.
  • Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation
    Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is More of a reactionary increase in pigmentation due to inflammation such as acne, or a superficial trauma (i.e., picking at pimples) or scratches.
  • Generalized or Widespread Pigmentation
    Generalized or widespread pigmentation can be due to dermatological conditions such as Lichen Planus or be due to underlying medical conditions such as Addison disease.
  • Hormones produced during pregnancy

Most of these types of acne can impact your self-esteem. We always recommend that you seek help from your healthcare provider early. That way, they can help define the best treatment option(s) for your condition.

The Different Types Of Face Pigmentation and the Different Procedures Required to Treat Them

In every way, the different types of pigmentation require equally different procedures if they must be dealt with effectively and completely. However, there is also a common rule when dealing with most types of pigmentation in a general note.

The Best In-Clinic Treatments To Deal With Face Pigmentation

First, you need to consider what your budget can foot. Also, assess the severity of your pigmentation. Depending on both of these, there are several in-salon or in-clinic treatments that can offer you the help you need to tackle face pigmentation.

  • Microneedling
    Skin pigmentation can be treated by microneedling, which is a less invasive process. To accomplish this operation, your specialist will pierce the targeted parts of your skin with very small needles. Your body begins to heal the punctures as soon as it is completed. Your body cures the pigmented areas as well as the purposely caused skin damage over time. The procedure is now considerably more effective because of the new Dermapen 4 technology. Meso serums such as Vitamin C, Glutathione, Ferulic acid peel, and Retinol peel can permeate deeper into the skin after the microneedling therapy. Without requiring any downtime, this can help treat pigment cells that are deeper in the skin layer.
  • Light TherapiesBroadband light (BBL) Therapy: BBL, also known as a ‘photo facial,’ comes in as a subtle form of light therapy. This treatment is deemed one of the most prominent types of such therapy you can get. It utilizes a series of short, high-intensity light blasts to provide the skin with a youthful, firmer, and more pleasing complexion. Intense Pulse Light (IPL) Therapy: Another pigmentation treatment option is IPL therapy, which uses intense pulsed light to remove dark spots from the skin. When the laser is utilized on the afflicted areas, it stimulates collagen formation, which begins to heal the skin. The dark stains fade with time and become lighter. If you have fair skin, this treatment is great for you, as the process is safer for fair skin and must be utilized with caution on darker skin. However, thanks to advancements in lasers and Pico lasers, IPL therapy is becoming less common.
  • Chemical Peels
    Moreover, low-level peels, often incorporated with light therapy, can help to break down the pigment slowly and even out the complexion completely. 
  • Laser Therapies
    Laser: Freckles, pigmentation, and post-trauma pigmentation, such as acne scars and age spots, can all be safely and successfully reduced with laser pigmentation removal. Only pigmented lesions absorb the laser energy when the laser targets them, so the surrounding skin is not damaged. The pigment is shattered as the laser warms up. The pigment is subsequently dragged to the surface without causing any damage to the surrounding tissue. Generally, pigmented lesions will fade or flake off the treated area once they reach the surface, leaving the skin with a uniform tone and appearance.
    Q-switched laser devices are now widely used due to their enhanced capabilities. The laser wavelength utilized is a Q-switched laser, which aids in the natural breakdown of pigment cells and eliminates them from the body. It doesn’t require any downtime and won’t make you more sensitive to the light. It will, however, take more sessions, but you should notice progress after each one.
    The Q-switched laser improves the overall brightness, texture, and tone of the skin in addition to treating pigmentation. To achieve the best potential results, it must be conducted in a certified clinic with a USFDA-approved machine under the guidance of an experienced skin care specialist.

Our trained specialist is qualified and competent enough to discern which kind is best for your type of pigmentation.

At Unique Clinic, we are always ready to deliver the best of these treatments to you. There are enough testimonials from our clients to prove the value and quality we deliver. Contact us today to book an appointment and begin your journey towards revitalized skincare health.